Steve Gardner

Director - McBride Center for International Business

Contact Information

Fax:  (254) 710-6142
Mailing Address:  One Bear Place #98014
Waco, TX  76706
Office Location:  Paul L. Foster Campus for Business and Innovation McBride Center.230.05

Office Hours


Educational Background

  • PHD - Economics, University Of California Berkeley
  • BA - Economics, University Of Texas Austin

Work Experience

  • Board Member, Therapy Center Stage Productions (January 2016 - Present)
  • Board member, Audit Committee Member, World Affairs Council of DFW (January 2015 - December 2015)
  • Member, Personnel Committee, Lake Shore Baptist Church (January 2012 - Present)
  • Board Member, World Affairs Council of DFW (September 2009 - December 2014)
  • Professor, Baylor University (August 1, 1989 - Present)
  • Associate Professor, Baylor University (August 1, 1983 - July 31, 1989)
  • Assistant Professor, Baylor University (August 1, 1978 - July 31, 1983)

Awards and Honors

  • Distinguished Professor Award, Hankamer School of Business, Baylor Ubniversity (April 19, 2022)
  • Outstanding Professor, Baylor University (2005)
  • Outstanding Tenured Professor, Baylor University (1994)
  • Fellow of the Salzburg Seminar
  • Senior Research Fellow of the IC2 Institute, University of Texas at Austin

Professional Memberships

  • Board member, World Affairs Council of Dallas and Fort Worth (1992 - Present)
  • Association for Comparative Economic Studies (1978 - Present)
  • American Economic Association (1976 - Present)


Dr. Stephen Gardner is the Herman Brown Professor of Economics and Director of the McBride Center for International Business at Baylor University. Dr. Gardner holds a B.A. in economics and Russian Studies from the University of Texas at Austin and a Ph.D. in economics from the University of California at Berkeley. He is the author of three books (one of which is entering its third edition), the editor of one conference volume, and has published numerous articles in academic and professional publications.

A member of the Baylor faculty since 1978, he was a recipient of the university's "Outstanding Tenured Professor" award in 1994 and its “Outstanding Professor for University Service” award in 2005. Under his leadership, Baylor has developed relationships with universities and research institutes throughout the world, and has offered business education programs in Russia and China. He is chairman of the business school curriculum committee and a member of the university faculty senate and the library dean’s advisory board.

Dr. Gardner is a member of the American Economic Association, the Association for Comparative Economic Studies, the Academy of International Business, and the American Association for Advancement of Slavic Studies, and is a Fellow of the Salzburg Seminar and Senior Research Fellow of the IC2 Institute.

Born in Dallas, Texas, Dr. Gardner is married to Kathy Stokes Gardner, and has a son, Daniel (married to Sara Daniels Gardner) and a daughter, Jessica.


Applied or Integration/Application Scholarship

"The influence of international trade on labour productivity in services: The case of Brazil in the 1990s," Review of Development Economics, Vol. 27, No. 1, (February 2023), pp. 268-290 (coauthors: Lourenço Paz, John Ssozi).

"Interview: The Third Revolution: Xi Jinping and the New Chinese State," (April 2021) (coauthors: Elizabeth Economy).

"The Future of International Higher Education," , Lanham MD, February 2009, pp. pp. 117-132 (coauthors: Mary Landon Darden).

Basic or Discovery Scholarship

Economic Integration in the Americas, London, February 2008 (coauthors: Joe McKinney).

Applied or Integration/Application Scholarship

"Learning from One Another: The Future of Swedish and American Health Care," Baylor Business Review, (Winter/Spring 2002), pp. 8-9.

"Which Way Globalization?" Baylor Business Review, (Fall 2000).

Basic or Discovery Scholarship

[Book review, by H. Stephen Gardner], Joseph R. Blasi, Maya Kroumova, and Dougals Kruse, 'Kremlin Capitalism: Privatizing the Russian Economy', Russian Review 58 (1999) 2, 342-343

Applied or Integration/Application Scholarship

"United States Leadership in the World Economy," Baylor Business Review, (Spring 1998).

Basic or Discovery Scholarship

Comparative Economic Systems, 1998.

"Product Quality and Price Inflation in Transitional Economies," , Washington, D.C., 1994, pp. pp. 178-191.

Teaching and Learning Scholarship

"Teaching Business in Russia," Baylor Business Review, (Fall 1992), pp. 2-5.

Basic or Discovery Scholarship

"Restructuring the Ruble: Prospects for Convertibility," , London, 1990 (coauthors: Richard O'Brien, Ingrid Iversen, Steve Green).

"The Implications of Greater East-West Economic Cooperation for the Soviet Economy," , New York, NY, 1990 (coauthors: Michael Kraus, Ronald D. Leibowicz).

Applied or Integration/Application Scholarship

"U.S.-Soviet Trade: Old Problems and New Opportunities," Baylor Business Review, (Summer 1989).

Basic or Discovery Scholarship

"Restructuring the Soviet Foreign Trade System," Columbia Journal of World Business, Vol. 23, No. 2, (Summer 1988).

East-West Economic Relations: The Policy Implications of Recent Scholarship, Washington, D.C., 1985.

Applied or Integration/Application Scholarship

"The Sluggish Soviet Economy," Baylor Business Review, (Winter 1985), pp. 9-13.

Basic or Discovery Scholarship

"Assessing the Cost to the U.S. Economy of Trade Sanctions Against the U.S.S.R.," , 1984 (coauthors: Gordon Smith).

Soviet Foreign Trade: The Decision Process, 1983.

"Soviet Foreign Trade Decision Making in the 1980s," Columbia Journal of World Business, Vol. 18, (Winter 1983), pp. 17-23.

"The Factor Content of Soviet Foreign Trade: Rejoinder," Association for Comparative Economic Studies Bulletin, (Spring 1981), pp. 89-101.

"Soviet International Economic Relations: Recent Trends in Policy and Performance," (1981).

"The Factor Content of Soviet Foreign Trade: A Synthesis," Association for Comparative Economic Studies Bulletin, (Summer 1979), pp. 1-16.

Presentations and Proceedings

"PRINCIPLES AND METHODS FOR CLASSIFICATION OF ECONOMIC SYSTEMS AND COMPARING THEIR ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE," presented at the The new global challenges and comparative economics, Online and in Trento, Italy, October 2021.
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