An Intra- and Inter-Occupational Analysis of Stress Among Accounting Academicians
Kenneth J. Smith and George S. Everly, Jr.
This study examined reported stress among full-time accounting educators
via a national mail survey. Respondents completed the Everly Stress and
Symptom Inventory, designed to assess an individual's: 1) stress arousal;
2) stress-related physical symptoms; and 3) coping behaviors. The results
indicated that accounting academicians report a consistent pattern of stress,
illness and coping. In addition, reported levels of stress were positively
correlated with illness, whereas net positive coping behavior was negatively
related to illness.
In terms of institutional and career perspectives, tenured faculty reported
significantly lower levels of stress than did their non-tenured counterparts.
From an inter-occupational perspective, academicians reported significantly
lower levels of perceived stress than did a comparison group of accounting
practitioners. Finally, the base rate expectancy of actual stress-related
illness among accounting academicians was well below that which has been
found to occur within randomly sampled male and female populations.
to BRIA 1990, Volume 2 Contents