An Intra- and Inter-Occupational Analysis of Stress Among Accounting Academicians

Kenneth J. Smith and George S. Everly, Jr.
This study examined reported stress among full-time accounting educators via a national mail survey. Respondents completed the Everly Stress and Symptom Inventory, designed to assess an individual's: 1) stress arousal; 2) stress-related physical symptoms; and 3) coping behaviors. The results indicated that accounting academicians report a consistent pattern of stress, illness and coping. In addition, reported levels of stress were positively correlated with illness, whereas net positive coping behavior was negatively related to illness.

In terms of institutional and career perspectives, tenured faculty reported significantly lower levels of stress than did their non-tenured counterparts. From an inter-occupational perspective, academicians reported significantly lower levels of perceived stress than did a comparison group of accounting practitioners. Finally, the base rate expectancy of actual stress-related illness among accounting academicians was well below that which has been found to occur within randomly sampled male and female populations.

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